Thalida’s Weblog

An objective point of view to subjective matters.

All inclusive in Cuba / Ultimul episod Blogul cu tractiune mecanica August 4, 2008

Filed under: articles — thalida @ 10:07 pm
TRANSLATION COMING SOON
de Dan Tapalaga HotNews.ro

Luni, 4 august 2008

Din apartamentul sau cochet de la etajul 14, Yoani Sanchez stapaneste cu privirea Plaza de la Revolucion si elegantul cartier Vedado. Cu blogul mai urca o treapta spre libertate: are cam 9 milioane de vizitatori pe luna, dar in tara sa cu acces limitat la Internet, povestile neoficiale despre Cuba se raspandesc altfel, intr-o bizara retea offline. Bloggerita oarba, cum isi spune, Yoani a inventat blogul samizdat, blogul cu tractiune mecanica, blogul “citeste si da mai departe”.

Ii spune Generatia Y. Acum trei decenii, femeile cubaneze adorau sa-si boteze copii cu nume continand unul sau mai multi Y. Lor, celor din generatia Y, li se adreseaza in primul rand. Ca sa ajunga la ei, regimul trebuie, ca de obicei, pacalit. “Internetul e singura posibilitate de a face jurnalism independent”, spune Yoani, care n-ar avea altfel nici o sansa sa apara la televizor sau sa scrie in Granma, ziarul oficial, sau la alta publicatie. Ce sens are insa Internet-ul intr-o tara in care Guvernul interzice practic, practicand preturi prohibitive, accesul in retea?

Salariul pe o luna pentru doua ore pe net

Ora de navigare costa in Internet-Cafe-uri intre 6 si 10 dolari pe ora. Leafa medie abia ajunge la 18 dolari. Altfel spus, doua ore pe net costa salariul pe o luna intreaga. Cenzura simpla si eficienta, mai putin sofisticata decat in China. Pana acum trei luni, le era interzis sa detina un calculator, de unde s-ar putea deduce ca, in Cuba, blogerii posteaza in pustiu. Cat se poate de fals.

“Monopolul detinut de Guvern asupra informatiilor crapa din cauza Internet-ului”, explica Yoani, convinsa ca “societatea cubaneza s-a informatizat impotriva vointei oficiale”. Internetul a fisurat sistemul de manipulare si control total a informatiei. Prin crapaturile sale, cuvintele interzise se scurg printre degetele cenzurii ca argintul viu. “Sunt mai multe computere in maini private decat va imaginati, cumparate de pe piata neagra. Eu insami am calculator de 14 ani”, se mandreste bloggerita, amintind din nou ca, oficial, cubanezii gasesc calculatoare in magazinele de stat doar de cateva luni.

Chiar daca le gasesc, nu se prea pot atinge de ele. Un Pentium III, de pilda, costa in magazin intre 700-900 de dolari. Pe piata neagra preturile cad la jumatate.

Yoani Sanchez si sotul sau, Reinaldo Ascobar
Foto: Hotnews

Citeste si da mai departe

Desigur, Guvernul a blocat accesul la site-ul sau, care nu poate fi accesat din Cuba. Site-ul nu, informatiile ajung insa in mii de calculatoare private. Yoani lucreaza in orb si in mare viteza din Internet-cafe-uri publice. In cateva minute, expediaza informatiile prietenilor sai de afara. Ei actualizeaza blogul gazduit pe un server din Germania, unde Guvernul cubanez nu mai poate face nimic. Blogul se intoarce pe CD in Havana, iar Joan face cam 100 de copii pe zi.

Odata raspandite in Cuba, CD-urile se multiplica, la randul lor, in progresie geometrica. Astfel, postarile sale ajung sa fie citite de mii de cubanezi, cu sau fara acces la Internet. “E o relatie bizara a unui blogger cu blogul sau, dar functioneaza”, se amuza Joan. O singura postare a avut peste 6000 de comentarii, iar de regula, postarile depasesc mia de comentarii.

“Aici, intrebarea nu este cati oameni au acces la Internet, ci cati oameni se informeaza pentru ca unul a avut acces la internet”, spune Yoani. E suficient un singur evadat. Pe langa faptul ca piata Internetului la negru ia amploare, Guvernul se saboteaza singur, in fiecare zi. Angajatii din institutiile publice conectate la Internet vand parolele de acces dupa orele de program.

Zeci si sute de cubanezi le folosesc pe timpul noptii utilizand retelele de telefonie fixa, cu tarife inca foarte mici. Descarca filme, muzica sau copiaza informatii pe memo-stick-uri si le dau mai departe. “Guvernul cubanez stie ca avem internet la negru la fel cum stie ca luam mancare de pe piata neagra ca sa putem trai”, explica Yoani.

Societatea civila se naste pe blog

In Cuba sunt, cu totul, cam 12 bloggeri independenti; restul se ocupa cu propaganda. Pe Joan Sanchez oamenii o recunosc pe strada. Tentatia fructului oprit a sporit succesul bloggului sau, dar mai e ceva: Yoani Sanchez nu este o fictiune, ci o femeie obisnuita, cu familie si un copil, care isi traieste viata de zi cu zi in Havana, cu privatiunile si bucuriile ei. “Oamenii isi dau seama ca exist cu adevarat, si ca fac parte dintr-o generatie care, pana acum, a decis sa-si tina gura sau sa plece din tara”, incearca sa explice Yoani de ce blogul sau a avut in luna mai noua milioane de vizitatori, iar in iunie – opt milioane.

Nu critica regimul de pe pozitii ideologice, ci din postura cetateanului obisnuit: “De exemplu, nu folosesc niciodata cuvantul democratie, desi tot ce scriu este un cant inchinat democratiei. Jurnalismul oficial e mult prea incarcat cu concepte grele, starine cetateanului obisnuit. Si pentru toate aceste lucruri, cred, blogul meu s-a transformat in fenomen”. Adevarul e ca in Granma, ziarul partidului, sau in alte publicatii oficiale n-ai ce citi.

Yoani spune ca obiectivul ei este sa tina un blog cu resurse minime, disponibile pentru toata lumea. Foloseste Internet cafe-uri si s-a deprins sa lucreze in mare viteza astfel ca intra pe net cam de opt-noua ori cu o cartela de o ora. “Astfel, ii oblig sa inchida toate Internet-cafe-urile sau sa le deschida pe toate”, rade Joan.

Alti opozanti, in special cei implicati in politica, intra pe net doar la ambasade, de teama ca Guverul le fura parolele si le citeste mail-urile. Yoani nu are problema asta. Tot ce face urmeaza sa devina, oricum, public. Nu se considera opozanta clasica, desi, explica ea, toti cei care nu aplauda regimul de dimineata pana seara sunt automat in opozitie.

Yoani Sanchez si sotul sau, Reinaldo Ascobar, dat afara prin anii 80 din presa oficiala pentru atitudini contrarevolutionare, sunt doi oameni care au curajul sa spuna, simplu, ca lucrurile merg prost in Cuba.


Nota: HotNews.ro publica o serie de articole despre Cuba. Documentarea a fost realizata prin intermediul proiectului „Intarirea solidaritatii europene dintre Europa Centrala si de Est si Cuba”, derulat de catre Asociatia Pro Democratia

ACEST ARTICOL PE http://www.hotnews.ro/

 

INTELLECT, Publishers of Original Thinking August 2, 2008

Filed under: articles — thalida @ 12:40 am

Publications in the fields of art, design, film, theatre, media & cultural studies.

http://www.intellectbooks.co.uk/

 

Creators, Tools, and Works.

Filed under: articles — thalida @ 12:20 am
CASH Music

CASH Music

Cameron Parkins, July 29th, 2008

CASH Music, an acronym for ‘Coalition of Artists and Stakeholders’, has been an impressive member of the CC community since they debuted late last year. Part music label, part creative community, CASH Music has major plans to change the landscape of contemporary artistic output with a particular focus on the dialogue between content creators and […]

Jamison Young

Jamison Young

Cameron Parkins, July 25th, 2008

Jamison Young is a musician who records endlessly and plays live as often as he can. Young releases all his music under a CC licence, some through ‘fairplay’ label (and former Featured Commoner) Beatpick, who helped get Young’s track “Memories Child” into the soundtrack for new feature film “The X-Files: I Want to Believe“. We […]

Curt Smith

Curt Smith

Cameron Parkins, July 15th, 2008

Curt Smith, solo-artist and co-founder of Tears for Fears, presented at the most recent CC Salon LA on why he chose to release his new album, “Halfway, pleased“, under a CC license. He spoke so eloquently we wanted to commit his words to text – as such, we bring you the latest in our Featured […]

LegalTorrents

LegalTorrents

Cameron Parkins, July 10th, 2008

LegalTorrents, “an online community created to discover and distribute Creative Commons licensed digital media”, recently revamped their website to include a stronger community focus as well as a more fluid user experience. We caught up with Jonathan Dugan to find out more about what LegalTorrents can offer those in the CC-community and why CC-using content […]

Behance

Behance

Cameron Parkins, July 8th, 2008

Behance is many things – a creative network, an online magazine, a producer of creative tools, an index of creative professionals, and a purveyor of methodology for getting creative projects done. Perhaps it is better to think of Behance then as an organization that, in their own words, “designs products and services that empower […]

deviantArt

deviantArt

Cameron Parkins, June 23rd, 2008

Shockingly, we have yet to post anything on uber-online artist community deviantArt, who not only act as a creative outlet for over 7 million users but do so with CC licensing built into their UI. Our bad. Hopefully we can make up for lost blogging through an interview with Richard Hartley, Director of Community Development […]

Lingro

Lingro

Cameron Parkins, June 9th, 2008

Lingro is a project that aims to create an online environment that will allow anyone, in reading a foreign language website, a quick and easy means to translate words they don’t understand. Simple in concept, yet profound in implication, Lingro (which we have blogged about twice before) uses open dictionaries and user-submitted, CC BY-SA licensed, […]

Modiba Productions

Modiba Productions

Cameron Parkins, June 3rd, 2008

Modiba Productions is an international music production/publishing company and record label that aims to combine a love for music and a fervor for activism. Focusing primarily on ‘afrocentric’ music, Modiba has been the source for two great CC-based contests over the past year and a half, one with Malian artist Vieux Farka Touré and the […]

blip.tv

blip.tv

Cameron Parkins, April 21st, 2008

blip.tv has long been a CC-friendly staple for video sharing online, providing users a means to upload their content under a CC licence while simultaneously facilitating commercial avenues that would go otherwise unforeseen. We recentlly got up with blip.tv CTO Justin Day and asked him some questions, allowing us to peer more deeply into the […]

Indaba Music

Indaba Music

Cameron Parkins, March 4th, 2008

Indaba Music, in their words, is “an international community of musicians, music professionals, and fans exploring the creative possibilities of making music with people in different places”. Enabling exciting forms of online musical creation, Indaba allows musicians to work with each other in ways that are both fresh and exciting, facilitating new and interesting means […]

THE REST OF THE ARTICLE  AThttp://creativecommons.org/commoners/
 

Calin Dan – The Aesthetics of Poverty August 1, 2008

Filed under: articles — thalida @ 11:52 pm
Tags: , ,

http://www.c3.hu/ican.artnet.org/ican/index.html

1. The experimental sector of a culture is as developed as the non-experimental sector allows it to be.
2. Culture is a machine cloning the social-political environment where it is supposed to function.
3. A conservative society is reflected in a conservative culture, and the amount of freedom in the two systems is relatively equal.
4. Cultural and technological experiments are closely connected.

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The aesthetics of poverty. A history of the moving image in Romanian art has to start with the production of Super 8 mm and 16 mm film. Private ownership of such equipment was exceptional. If my information is correct, there were only two cases: Constantin Flondor and Doru Tulcan from the group “Sigma” in Timisoara, and Ion Grigorescu in Bucuresti. The latter offered his skills as a cameraman to some of his colleagues: Geta Bratescu, Stefan Kancsura, Eugenia Pop. Exceptions to this early production format were Wanda Mihuleac and Alexandru Chira, who were able to organize the production of films on 35 mm, with professional equipment and assistance. Apart from Flondor, Tulcan, and Grigorescu, no-one was able to establish a sustained and direct contact with the relevant technology, and therefore to go beyond the mediated transcription of ideas into a closer questioning of the medium itself.

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Motivations and failures. Experimental film production in Romania was motivated by an increasing interest in the human body, and a new approach to the relationship with nature. The first motivation is one which has played a role in the history of experimental films (video) internationally, whereas the second, developing under the influence of Conceptual art, is actually more closely connected to the Romanian tradition of landscape painting.

The entire article at http://www.c3.hu/ican.artnet.org/ican/text7825.html?id_text=21